There are 4 basic elements of design: COLOR, LINE, SHAPE, AND TEXTURE
COLOR: Color may be
the most important element of design. Costumers buy garments and
accessories based on color. There are 3 dimensions of color. Intensity
of the color, meaning how bright or dull the color is. The value of
the color means the lightness or darkness of the color. Last is hue
which means the quality of the shade or tone of the color.
Line is a distinct elongated mark that directs the eye up and down
or around an object. Construction details of a garment create lines like
seams, darts, pleats, etc.
Shape, or the silhouette, is the overall form or outline of a garment. Shape
can be a three dimensional form. There are 3 basic shapes in fashion.
Straight or tubular shape; bustle shaped, which is where the back is full;
and bell shaped, which is like a bouffant.
Texture is how the surface feels and looks. It is also the method of
fabric construction like yarns, and fibers determine the texture. Is the
texture smooth, dull, rough, fine, delicate, shaggy, or flat? Texture
affects the appearance of the shape of the garment.